News from Oleksandr Kostenko #FreeKostenko

By Yana Goncharova, Russian activist
05.18.2017
Translated and edited by Voices of Ukraine

News from [Oleksandr] Sasha Kostenko:

A few weeks ago Sasha was taken to the hospital to determine how important it is to perform surgery on his arm [VoU Editor: which was broken under state torture over 2 years ago in February of 2015]. Of course, the doctors’ consultation said that, at the moment, they do not consider surgery on his arm to be a necessity. Prison doctors are certain that when Sasha gets out [of prison, VoU Ed: his sentence ends in September of 2018], he can then have the surgery once he’s free.

Kostenko has problems with his immune system,; he was often ill during the winter, and his arm continues to hurt. He has been sent vitamins and pain medications [from the outside].

For over six months now, the prison administration has had no complaints [against him]; he was not put in SHIZO [penal isolation] and, in principle, everything is fairly calm.

Yesterday the Presidium of the Kirov Regional Court cancelled the court decision and the appeal for UDO [grant of parole]: in other words, Kostenko’s petition will be reviewed again.

Sasha receives some letters, but recently there are fewer. Write to him with an interesting story or tell him about your journey – he will be pleased to hear from you.

His address is:
613049, Kirov region, Kirovo-Chepetsk, ul.Ovrazhnaya, 16, IK-5,
Kostenko Alexander Fedorovich, born in 1986.

Or write a message to Sasha at Slova Svobody [Words of Freedom FB page]: https://www.facebook.com/slovasvobody, we will definitely send them all to him!

IK-5, where Aleksandr Kostenko is serving his sentence. Photo: May 16, 2017

Source: Yana Goncharova FB

READ MORE ABOUT OLEKSANDR KOSTENKO:

Halya Coynash, Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group: “Russia refuses to investigate torture of Ukrainian it jailed in revenge for Euromaidan”


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The Sviatohirsk Holy Mountains Lavra and the Moscow Patriarchate in Slovyansk – whose people do they serve?

By Denis Bihunov 
05.09.2017
Translated and edited by Voices of Ukraine

Ihor Girkin, head of the occupation forces in Slovyansk, in the Church of the Holy Spirit, 2014

In 2014, the “St. George’s ribbon” became an emblem of the terrorists who, armed with automatic rifles and RPGs, captured towns and villages in our peaceful Donetsk region. At the time, the Kremlin mercenaries failed to bring Ukraine to its knees. Thus, Moscow apparently decided to adjust their plans, and activated the Russian “Immortal Regiment” campaign in Ukraine. At first glance, this campaign may appear apolitical, but its purpose is to cynically exploit the unhealed historical wounds of the Ukrainian people.

The organizers of the Kremlin’s pompous “Immortal Regiment” campaign in Ukraine declare that it aims to promote peace and to honor the memory of those who fought against fascism. At the same time, cynical Russian propaganda relentlessly continues spreading lies about the alleged “domination of fascism in Ukraine,” adding fuel to the fire.

The main message peddled by the campaign organizers is: “We are one people.” Yet Crimea is occupied by Russia, and terrorists in Donbas are not running out of shells, tanks, or mines, even three years in. Is their supply inexhaustible? It is obvious that Russia is illegally supplying military hardware, equipment, and ammunition to Donbas, bringing wholesale bloodshed to this tormented region while, at the same time declaring that we are “one people.”

Branches of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) are working hard to promote the Kremlin’s “flash mob” in our region, too.

On May 9, the Sviatohirsk Holy Mountains Lavra (Cave Monastery) is organizing a Kremlin flash mob in Sviatohirsk, closely following the template of Russia’s “Immortal Regiment” campaign. One might ask – why does the Ukrainian Orthodox Church organize, here in Ukraine, events that promote the aggressor country, a country that illegally annexed our Crimea and started the war in Donbas with the capture of Slovyansk by [Ihor] Girkin’s (Strelkov’s) armed formations? Because we are “one people,” of course. This clearly reveals the real views of the Moscow-controlled church in Ukraine toward the Ukrainian people, our state, and its sovereignty.

At this time, the monastery is collecting photographs of Soviet soldiers from the Second World War, to use in the Kremlin “Immortal Regiment” campaign. Meanwhile, judging from the monastery’s website, Moscow’s holy fathers fail to show similar fervor in commemorating our ATO soldiers, who are even today defending the sovereignty, state independence, and territorial integrity of Ukraine.

Examples from recent years show that events like the “Immortal Regiment” are designed to split Ukrainian society, sow conflict and confusion, and disorientate people. It is hard to believe that the Moscow Patriarchate is oblivious to this. Yet it is nevertheless staging the “Immortal Regiment” campaign in Sviatohirsk: essentially a Russian state propaganda event disguised as a religious procession.

It bears reminding that religious processions are primarily spiritual events, performed by believers, who are asking for God’s help and who walk carrying icons, crosses, and saints’ relics – not portraits of Red Army soldiers. Religious processions move from church to church, or around towns or villages. They do not proceed to USSR-era memorials, even if dead soldiers are buried there, and they do not turn a religious event into political propaganda in favor of a neighboring aggressor country.

Organizing events to commemorate non-religious dates is the prerogative of  civil society and the authorities.

By deciding to hold a religious procession in honor of a secular and ideological public holiday – Victory and Red Army Day – the church authorities have transformed a spiritual event into a show of political and ideological solidarity with the Kremlin. This raises quite a few questions.

In reality, on this coming May 9 in Sviatohirsk, certain members of the clergy will exploit the religious and spiritual values of the populace to shape people’s political and ideological views, while drawing on the Gospels, and images of the saints, God and Christ. Does anyone see the hypocrisy?

Considering what went down in the town’s churches during its occupation in 2014 [see video below], it is not difficult to guess what the Moscow Patriarchate is really trying to achieve by holding such events in Ukraine. One wonders if that is a heavy cross to bear.

A church ceremony to consecrate the occupier’s flag and banner in the Church of the Holy Spirit, 2014

Video: “Novorossiya – Birth of an Orthodox Army”

Source: sprotyv.info

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Anton Naumlyuk: Crimean Tatar political prisoner Ruslan Zeytullaev on Day 19 of hunger strike protest

By Anton Naumlyuk, journalist and freelance correspondent for Radio Svoboda (all photos/video by Anton Naumlyuk)
04.21.2017 Please note: posted on 04.23.2017 – Zeytullaev is on Day 19 of hunger strike protest on day of posting
Translated and edited by Voices of Ukraine

Photo: Anton Naumlyuk

Ruslan Zeytullaev was brought to court. He looks gaunt, but is holding steady. Lawyers tried to persuade him to quit the hunger strike, but Ruslan has refused to do so until the verdict is passed. Emil Kurbedinov reminded [Ruslan] of Sakharov’s letter to Mustafa Dzhemilev during his hunger strike. (VoU note: the original letter implored Dzhemilev to “stop the hunger strike, as your death will only bring joy to our enemies.”)

“I’ll be ready to give up, if I cannot read the prayer [five times daily], for example, if I start fainting, but I have not missed a single one yet,” Ruslan replied. In the SIZO, they make three attempts every day to try to persuade him to go off the hunger strike.

According to the SIZO’s medical service, “Zeytullaev’s condition is satisfactory, there are no medical contraindications for attending the trial, his weight is 55 kg [121 lbs], the diagnosis is basic starvation.” Ruslan can no longer participate in the debates that began today, he does not have enough strength, he is going to deliver his final word [closing statement]. The court allowed him to speak while seated.

Source: Anton Naumlyuk FB 

Ruslan is being tried for the second time. The Supreme Court decided to address the consequences of the incompetence displayed by the Crimean FSB officers, who at the time of the arrest of the first Hizb, entirely consisted of former SBU [agents], and sent the case for revision. Not to ensure proper trial, of course, but to extend the term. He has been on hunger strike for 18 days and does not intend to stop, despite all of the requests and attempts to dissuade him. His hunger strike, like the flash mob in Ukraine, cannot change anything. But, he stated today in his final word, – “there are moments in life when it is impossible not to do what is necessary.” So he decided that now it is necessary to starve in earnest. He is exhausted, is rapidly losing weight, has difficulty walking, and is not giving up.

“I want to pass on a huge ‘Salaam’ to my people, to the citizens of Ukraine who are supporting me at this difficult time. I want to say that even though my strength is almost gone at this time, I remain firm in my convictions and I will always stand up for the truth. For the truth that I chose for myself from the outset. Today’s situation is the second trial, which, I believe, wants to send me away for a very long time, by hook or by crook. I am grateful to everyone who supports me, but I will not end the hunger strike until I hear the verdict from the judges. And everything that they are accusing me of is an utter lie. Thank you.”

He asked me to record this. Truthfully, I rarely say something like this, but today, the judge has created all the conditions necessary for journalists to work, so thanks for that. “Use the break for the intended purpose,” the judge told me as he was leaving. I am publishing this here, for what it’s worth.

Ruslan has a family at home, and I videotaped them as well. Then I came to Rostov and showed Ruslan the video from Crimea, while he stood in the same cage where once stood Sentsov, and Primov, and Vaitov and Seifullayev. I honestly do not know what else I can do to help them all.

Source: Anton Naumlyuk FB

Additional Reading:
CrimeaSOS: Appeal of NGOs with regards to hunger strike of the prisoner of Kremlin Ruslan Zeytullaev

Halya Coynash: Russian prosecutor demands 17 years for Crimean Tatar political prisoner Ruslan Zeytullaev

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Dmitry Tymchuk: Russian command changes the organizational structure of the “1st DNR” and “2nd LNR” Army Corps 04.05.2017

information_resistance_logo_engDmitry Tymchuk, Head of the Center for Military and Political Research, Coordinator of the Information Resistance group, Member of Parliament (People’s Front)
Photo credit: Anton Skyba, with permission
04.05.2017 (April 5, 2017)
Translated and edited by Voices of Ukraine

(See end of post for acronym glossary)

Operational data from Information Resistance:

Between March 29th and April 4th of this year [2017], the intensity of fire strikes on Ukrainian troop positions and settlements inside Ukrainian-controlled territory decreased (the decline [began after] April 1st). During this period, units of the 1st and 2nd Army Corps of the Russian Federation occupation forces in Donbas carried out a total of about 440 artillery raids (compared to nearly 600 in the previous one-week period).

Despite certain agreements reached on the so-called “Easter ceasefire,” Russian-terrorist troops continue to actively shell Ukrainian troop positions and settlements using 120-mm and 82-mm mortars, 122-mm cannon artillery, armored vehicles, and, sporadically, 100-mm MT-12 “Rapira” anti-tank guns, anti-aircraft systems, anti-tank missile systems, and stand-mounted grenade launchers (AGS-17/21 and SPG-9).

In the past 24 hours, the tensest situation was observed in the coastal region (along the PavlopilShyrokyne stretch). The occupiers shelled ATO forces’ advanced positions using, amongst other weapons, 120-mm mortars and 100-mm anti-tank guns, as well as individual BBM armored combat vehicles that carried out shelling from pre-established camouflaged firing positions.

East of Hnutove and southeast of Vodyane, two occupier BMP-2’s were in action, with the enemy in these sectors also using at least two 82-mm mortars. In addition, a BTR-80 shelled for an extended period, maneuvering from the direction of Sakhanka and north of the NovoazovskMariupol highway. From the direction of Sosnivske, occupier artillery (four 122-mm guns) has been active from positions between Pavlopil and Chermalyk, firing shells over a wide area.

In the Dokuchajevsk area (a section in the Taramchuk–Yasne–Berezove “triangle”), there has been a sharp pick-up in enemy activity, with the active use of 82-mm and 120-mm mortars, ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft artillery systems, and stand-mounted AGS-17 and SPG-9 grenade launchers.

Near Viktorivka, the occupiers tried to inflict fire damage on the ATO forces’ advanced units with the use of large-caliber machine guns and AGS-s [automatic grenade launchers].

Near Krasnohorivka (south of the settlement and on the orphanage grounds), [the enemy used] short bursts of mortar shelling from 82-mm mortars, with the occasional engagement of NSB-12.7 “Utes” heavy machine guns.

The occupiers were also considerably active near Avdiivka, in the section from the Butivka mine to the area north of the industrial zone, as well as in the PiskyOpytne area. Positions in Butivka, near the ring road, and in the industrial zone came under fire from 120-mm and 82-mm mortars, AGS-17 automatic grenade launchers and heavy machine guns. The use of grenade launchers and 82-mm mortars was noted in the Vodyane and Pisky area. To the east of the sand quarry, there was shelling by 120-mm and 82-mm mortars from both Kruta Balka and Vasylivka directions. In addition, BTR-70/80 and MT-LBs fired from their heavy machine guns at the advanced positions of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.

Avdiivka’s industrial area. Photo: Anton Skyba

The occupiers’ mobile fire group from Stakhanov was operating in the stretch between Sokilnyky and Zholobok. The group consisted of three 120-mm mortars and two 82-mm 2B9 “Vasilek” automatic mortars, mounted on transport.

Enemy sniper groups were highly active in the vicinity of Maiorsk, Verkhnotoretske, Krasnohorivka, Avdiivka, Novotroitske, Pyshchevyk, Hnutove, Shyrokyne, Vodyane and Troitske. The snipers carry out fire mainly at night.

*****

By order of the Center of Territorial Troops of the Southern Military District of the Russian Armed Forces, the Russian command of the “1st Army Corps of the DNR” and the “2nd Army Corps of the LNR” has initiated changes in the organizational and staffing structure of its units and formations. Namely, the size of tank battalions included in the units of these army corps is being changed from 3 companies to 4 companies; an additional tank has also been introduced to some tank battalions (serving as the vehicle of the deputy battalion commander). After these changes, the number of tanks in the military units and formations of the two army corps will exceed 450 (according to IR Group‘s data, the number of tanks as of February 2017 was 380 – but it must be emphasized that in both cases, this number only includes the equipment within military units and does not include tanks kept in storage at the “L/DNR” bases or training facilities).

In addition to that, the two army corps currently include some 900 units of other armored combat vehicles, over 1000 artillery systems (neither figure is different compared to February 2017), and about 400 anti-aircraft systems (a 50-unit increase).

During these organizational and staffing changes, the separate special-purpose radio battalion of the “2nd Army Corps of the LNR” has been disbanded due to its low effectiveness, and its tasks have been handed over to the regular radioelectronic intelligence unit of the Russian Armed Forces, which is present in the temporarily occupied territory of Luhansk oblast on a rotational basis.

The occupiers are continuing active construction efforts to complete and improve their positions along the northern outskirts of Debaltseve and the Debaltsevske village (formerly Kommuna). A network of platoon strongpoints and a fortified zone have been deployed in this direction of operations. The construction efforts utilize 5-7 units of machinery every day (mainly “civilian” excavators, bulldozers, and dump trucks; however, one PZM-2 [regimental digger] has also been identified). The occupiers are also renewing existing mine barriers in this area and laying down new ones. The work is being continuously supervised by Russian “advisors.”

Active efforts to equip positions are also being carried out in the vicinity of Smile [“Smileh”] village (Luhansk oblast, Slovyanoserbsk district); the same area shows an increased accumulation of enemy forces and equipment. Two 120-mm mortars and one ZU-23-2 were observed moving between the former checkpoint N32 and the Kombat [Battalion Commander] Monument, towards Sentyanivka (formerly Frunze); and two Kamaz trucks with personnel as well as two BMP-1’s, through Smile.

Due to the increasingly frequent theft and illegal transport to Russia of weapons, ammunition, and other supplies, the command of the “1st AC of the DNR” and the “2nd AC of the LNR” have issued orders to plan and conduct spot checks of weapon ordnance and fuel warehouses within the corps’ units. “Military commandants” of garrisons are responsible for organizing cooperation with the commanders of units charged with securing and defending the warehouses in question.

During the past week, the following deliveries were made to the “L/DNR” from the Russian Federation in order to keep units and formations of the “1st AC of the DNR” and the “2nd AC of the LNR” supplied with armaments, military equipment and fuel: 17 armed vehicles (mainly BMP-1 and BMP-2), 6 train cars of artillery munitions, and 25 cisterns of fuel and lubricants, for a total weight of 1,249 tons.

The demand for “new passports,” which were originally popular after Russia had recognized these “documents” as valid, has waned in both the “DNR” and the “LNR,” especially in towns and settlements close to the demarcation line. This is likely related to the new wave of rumors, which claim that the SBU is promptly receiving the lists of every  “DNR” or “LNR” “passport” holder, and detains them after they cross the demarcation line. According to one version of the rumor, the lists of names are procured for the SBU by Ukrainian hacker groups; another version claims that “L/DNR” officials hand the names over to Ukrainian special services voluntarily.

The “Ministry of Justice of the LNR” has completed the re-registration of Ukrainian coal enterprises in occupied areas of Luhansk oblast, affiliating them with Vneshtorgservis LNR Closed Joint Stock Company. The “state bank of the LNR” has reserved current accounts for these enterprises. Employees of Rovenkiantratsyt, Sverdlovantratsyt and Krasnodonuhol (formerly controlled by Rinat Akhmetov) have been instructed to hand in their resignation notices and apply for jobs with Vneshtorgservis LNR CJSC, instead. Meanwhile, members of the “law enforcement bodies of the LNR” have been ordered to prevent employees of the coal industry, especially managers and highly trained professionals, from departing to Ukrainian-controlled territory.

Source: Dmitry Tymchuk FB 

Glossary:

AC – Army Corps
ACV – armored combat vehicle
AGS-17 – automatic grenade launcher
ATO – Anti-Terrorist Operation
BMP – infantry fighting vehicle
BTG – battalion tactical group
BTR, APC – armored personnel carrier
BRDM – armored reconnaissance and surveillance vehicle
BRM – armored reconnaissance vehicle
DAP – Donetsk International Airport
DNR – “Donetsk People’s Republic”
DRG – sabotage and reconnaissance group
ELINT – Electronic Intelligence
GRU – Russian Defense Intelligence, the main military foreign-intelligence service of the Russian Federation
KSM – command and staff vehicle
LNR – “Luhansk People’s Republic”
MGB – Ministry of State Security
MOD – Ministry of Defense
MT-LB – light multipurpose tracked vehicle
MLRS – multiple-launch rocket systems
OMSBR – Independent Motorized Rifle Brigade
SBU – Ukrainian Secret Service
SPG-9 – stand-mounted grenade launcher
TZM, TLV – transporter-loading vehicle
UAV – Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (drones or other)
ZU-23-2 – anti-aircraft artillery system

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Dmitry Tymchuk: Increased activity among enemy sniper groups in the АТО zone – Military update 03.29.2017

information_resistance_logo_engDmitry Tymchuk, Head of the Center for Military and Political Research, Coordinator of the Information Resistance group, Member of Parliament (People’s Front)
03.29.2017
Translated and edited by Voices of Ukraine

(See end of post for acronym glossary)

Operational data from Information Resistance:

In the ATO zone of Donbas, from March 22 to 28, the intensity of shelling against Ukrainian troop positions and settlements on Ukrainian-controlled territory decreased slightly generally. In total, during this period, units of the Russian-terrorist forces (“1st DNR Army Corps” and “2nd LNR Army Corps”) carried out nearly 600 artillery raids (780 over the previous week) using 82/120-mm mortars, cannon artillery, 122-mm “Grad-P” portable rocket launchers, and the weaponry on armored combat vehicles.

At the same time, the command of the Russian-terrorist forces ordered a resumption of attacks on settlements in the occupied Russian territory of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts, then further accused the Ukrainian Armed Forces (UAF) of the shelling. These armed provocations were marked by a high level of organization – as a rule, they were recorded when a large number of representatives of the Russian media arrived in a given location. Thus, the main task for the given media representatives became the preparation of a series of staged scenes of a “sharp aggravation” of the situation in Donbas caused by the alleged shelling of the peaceful settlements by the UAF, and coverage of the preparations for a mythical large-scale attack by the UAF. During this period, daily management reports were recorded by the leaders of the “1st DNR Army Corps” and the “2nd LNR Army Corps,” in advance of the prearranged (time and place) visits to localities to enable film crews from Russian TV to record staged material.

During this period, activity by enemy sniper groups increased substantially at the frontline, with the simultaneous transfer of additional sniper units to Donbas from Russia (usually drawn from units of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Federation Armed Forces). Observed also was the transfer of Russian snipers from amongst Russian mercenaries and local militants trained at training centres in the Rostov oblast. Thus, a sniper group of 20 Russian service personnel, including women, arrived near Rovenky. The “9th regiment of the 1st Army Corps” (deployed in the Novoazovskyi district) is actively staffing its divisions up to full strength with snipers arriving from Russia. By the end of March, militants aim to have fully staffed divisions in this area.

In the district of Donetsk (along the entire section from Pisky to the ring road near the Almaz), units of Russian-terrorist troops are hurriedly increasing stocks of anti-tank weapons. Near the DAP, the occupiers have covertly moved antitank assets (at least two anti-tank missile systems and three MT-12 Rapira anti- tank guns) up to the front line. Additionally, several stand-mounted anti-tank grenade launchers have been transferred to the western outskirts of Spartak.

A tank unit of the occupier’s has been pulled back from the front line. Previously, it operated opposite the Avdiivka industrial zone, near elevation 272.2, and was used to shell both the industrial zone and the old quarter of Avdiivka (seven camouflaged tanks in scattered formation). At the same time, the occupiers have restricted the movement of civilians and road traffic in the Kashtanove district near Vokzalna Street, a possible sign of the redeployment of a new unit to this area.

Near Mineralne (Yasynuvatskyi district), the “1st DNR Army Corps” command has deployed two militant motorized infantry companies (several Kamaz trucks staffed by personnel in unmarked uniforms).

In order to ensure the supply of weapons, fuel and ammunition to both units and formations of the two “Army Corps”, ten 122-mm “Grad” MLRS (including six with ammunition), about 20 tanks, at least 15 BMP infantry fighting vehicles and about 1,300 tons of fuel and lubricants were delivered from Russia.

The latest consignment of Cossacks has arrived in Luhansk (about 50 personnel from the so-called Voyska Donskogo or “Don Militia”).

Between March 27-28, 2017, artillery spotter training took place in the “1st brigade” and “9th regiment” of the “1st DNR Army Corps”.

Military exercises are underway for armoured vehicle and tank group crews of the “1st DNR Army Corps” at the training ground near Ternove (Shakhtarsk district).

Near Shakhtarsk, the militants have set up a sapper training base at the “DNR Ministry of Emergency Situations” centre.

The “DNR” leadership intends to initiate an “inspection of ecologically hazardous facilities” for the benefit of representatives of international organizations (primarily the OSCE) on sites located near the demarcation line on Ukrainian-controlled territory. Initiation of this issue is being launched within the framework of the “Humanitarian programme for the reunification of the people of Donbas”. The official purpose is to check the level of environmental threat to human habitation in the adjacent areas. However, according to the “DNR” leaders’ plans, the composition of the commission carrying out these inspections should include representatives of the “State Committee for environmental policy and natural resources reporting to the ‘DNR’ leader” – set up in mid-March of this year, “environmental experts” from the “DNR”, and representatives of international organizations (representatives from Ukraine are not expected to take part).

In the “LNR”, a sharp rise in crimes committed by “service personnel” of the “2nd LNR Army Corps” is being recorded. In the Perevalsk district, three militants trying to break into a poultry farm to carry out a robbery shot the guards (two women guards killed and one wounded) using automatic weapons. Armed raids and robberies have been recorded in Rovenky, Luhansk and Alchevsk (all crimes committed by two to three persons wearing “LNR people’s militia” uniforms and armed with automatic weapons).

Source: Dmitry Tymchuk FB 

Glossary:

AC – Army Corps
ACV – armored combat vehicle
AGS-17 – automatic grenade launcher
ATO – Anti-Terrorist Operation
BMP – infantry fighting vehicle
BTG – battalion tactical group
BTR, APC – armored personnel carrier
BRDM – armored reconnaissance and surveillance vehicle
BRM – armored reconnaissance vehicle
DAP – Donetsk International Airport
DNR – “Donetsk People’s Republic”
DRG – sabotage and reconnaissance group
ELINT – Electronic Intelligence
GRU – Russian Defense Intelligence, the main military foreign-intelligence service of the Russian Federation
KSM – command and staff vehicle
LNR – “Luhansk People’s Republic”
MGB – Ministry of State Security
MOD – Ministry of Defense
MT-LB – light multipurpose tracked vehicle
MLRS – multiple-launch rocket systems
OMSBR – Independent Motorized Rifle Brigade
SBU – Ukrainian Secret Service
SPG-9 – stand-mounted grenade launcher
TZM, TLV – transporter-loading vehicle
UAV – Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (drones or other)
ZU-23-2 – anti-aircraft artillery system

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